Velizar Mirčov, Ivica Mladenović


Existing theorethical models of relationship between the state and religious organisations is under consideration in this article. European countries have implemented different legal/legislative solutions which are used for regulating the relationships between the state, religion and religious organisations. Many authors have classified these different types of regulations in a number of ideal types. Within the context of this paper a new type of classification which is based on two separate dimensions of the relationship towards religion and religious organisations is presented. The first dimension is intimately interlinked with the laicisation of the state, whilst the second one is linked with its secularistion. These dimensions are measured by an in depth study of a number of variables. Data based on the analysis of legislations within 19 European countries are presented herein within our classificatory scheme. This article can be a starting point for further theoretical and empirical work within this particular subfield.

Pojmovne odrednice

Church and state, Religious organisation, Laicisation, Secularisation


Alibašić A. (ed.), Religija i sekularna država, Foundation Konrad Adenauer, Sarajevo 2008.

Alibašić A., “Modeli uređenja odnosa između države i vjerskih zajednica u Evropi i SAD-u i njihove konsekvence”, Religija i sekularna država (ed. A. Ahmet), Foundation Konrad Adenauer, Sarajevo 2008.

Avramović S., Prilozi nastanku državno-crkvenog prava u Srbiji, Službeni glasnik, Beograd 2007.

Bader V., “Religions and States. A New Typology and a Plea for Non-Constitutional Pluralism”, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6/2003, 55–91.

B. Basdevant-Gaudemet, F. Messner, (dir.), Les origines historiques du statut des confessions religieuses dans les pays de l’Union européenne, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 1999.

Baubérot, J., Laïcité 1905–2005, entre passion et raison. Seuil, Paris 2004.

Beaufor, F., Separation of Church and State in Europe,: European Liberal Forum, Brussels 2008.

Blagojević, M., Religija i crkva u transformacijama društva (Religion and church within societal transformations), Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, Belgrade 2005.

Casanova, J., “Rethinking Secularization: A Global Comparative Perspective”. The Hedgehog Review, 8(1–2)/2006.

Chaves, M., Cann, D. E., “Regulation, Pluralism, and Religious Market Structure. Explaining Religion’s Vitality”, Rationality and Society, 4/3/1992.

Chaves, M., P. S. Gorski, “Religious Pluralism and Religious Participation”, Annual Review of Sociology 27/2001.

Cranmer, F., “Notes on Church and State in the European Economic Area 2011”, http://www.law.cf.ac.uk/clr/networks/Frank%20Cranmer_%20Church%20&%20State%20 in%20 W%20Europe.pdf, last visited 15 March 2014.

Ferrari, S., “Separation of Church and State in Contemporary European Society”, Journal of Church and State 30(3)/1988.

Ferrari, S., “The Emerging Pattern of Church and State in Western Europe: The Italian Model”, BYU Law Review 2/1995.

Francis, J., “The Evolving Regulatory Structure of European Church-State Relationships”, Journal of Church and State 1992.

Fox, J., “World Separation of Religion and State In to the 21st Century”, Comparative Political Studies 5/2006.

Hamburger, P., Separation of Church and State, Harvard University Press, Cambridge 2002.

Kalkandjieva, D., “A Comparative Analysis on Church-State Relations in Eastern Orthodoxy: Concepts, Models, and Principles”, Journal of Church and State 53(4)/2011.

Lavrič, M., Flere, S. “Divergent Trends in Legal Recognition of Religious Entities in Europe: The Cases of Slove-nia and Hungary”, Politics and Religion 2/2015.

Madeley, J. (ed), Church and State in Contemporary Europe, Frank Cass, London 2005a.

Madeley, J., “European Liberal Democracy and the Principle of State Religious Neutrality”, Church and State in Contemporary Europe (ed. J. Madeley), Frank Cass, London 2005b.

Madeley, J., “A Framework for the Comparative Analysis of Church-State Relations in Europe”, Church and State in Contemporary Europe (ed. J. Madeley), Frank Cass, London 2005c.

Manuel, P. C. (ed.), The Catholic Church and the Nation-State Comparative Perspectives, Georgetown University Press, Washington 2007.

Martinez-Torron, J., Durham, C., “Religion and the Secular State / La Religion et l’État laïque: Interim Reports, General Rapporteurs”, Religion and the Secular State / La Religion et l’État laïque: Interim Reports (Durham, C ed.), International Center for Law and Religion Studies 2010.

Minkenberg, M., “The Policy Impact of Church-State Relations: Family Policy and Abortion in Britain, France, and Germany”, Church and State in Contemporary Europe (ed. J. Madeley) Frank Cass, London 2005.

Monod, J., Sécularisation et laïcité, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 2007.

Monsma, S., Soper, C., The Chellenge of Pluralism, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, inc, Lanhman 2009.

Norris, P., Inglehart, R., Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worlwide, Harvard University Press, Harvard 20112.

Radulović, M., Obnova srpskog državno-crkvenog prava, Foundation Konrad Adenauer, Belgrade 2009.

Remond, R., Religion et société en Europe: La sécularisation aux XIX et XX siècles 1789– 2000, Seuil, Paris 2001.

Riis, O., “State Churches”, The Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion, 2 vols (ed. R. Wuthnow) Routledge, London 1988.

Selier, D., La vie politique des européen, Économica, Paris 1998.

Stepan, A., “The Multiple Secularism of Modern Democratic and Non-Democratic Regimes”, Rethinkins Secular-ism, (ed. C. Calhoun), Oxford University Press, New York 2011.

Šijaković, B. (ed.), Pravni položaj crkava i vjerskih zajednica u Crnoj Gori danas, BONAFIDES, Nikšić 2009.

Vukomanović, M., Religija, Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Beograd 2004.

Povratni linkovi

  • Trenutno nema povratnih linkova