CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS ON JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE AND EU STANDARDS

Milica Kolaković-Bojović

Sažetak


Implementation of the “Checks and balances” principle as one of the milestones in modern democracies, demonstrates its full complexity when it comes to balancing guaranties of judicial independence and the need to prevent misinterpretation or abuse of the rights. Additional issue in that process is determination of the border line between constitutional and guaranties of judicial independence prescribed by law. Raising that issue opens various questions which go beyond the legal framework itself. It actually tackles the historical, political and cultural country background. Furthermore, if analyzed from the prospective of the requirements defined in the accession negotiation process with the EU, constitutional guaranties of judicial independence become division criteria that challenge the idea of EU standards’ existence and their unselective application as an accession benchmark. Furthermore, lack of clear and objective criteria of (non)application of the EU standards might demotivate candidate countries in their efforts to achieve substantial reform results.

Pojmovne odrednice


Judicial independence, Separation of powers, European standards, Accession negotiations, Chapter 23.

Reference


Kolaković-Bojović, M. “Organizacija pravosuđa u Republici Srbiji i Poglavlje 23” Evropske integracije i kazneno zakonodavstvo (Poglavlje 23– norma, praksa i mere harmonizacije), Serbian Society for Criminal Law and Practice, Intermex, Zlatibor  Beograd 2016.

Le Sueur, A., “Developing mechanisms for judicial accountability in the UK”, Legal Studies 1-2/2004.

Montesquieu, C., The Spirit of Laws, 1748.

Musthafa, F., “Does the Government want parrot judges”, http://www.livelaw.in/government-want-parrot-judges/.

Paterson, A., Paterson, C., Guarding the guardians? Towards an independent, accountable and diverse senior judiciary, CentreForum, London 2012.

Stevens, R., “Reform in haste and repent at leisure: Iolanthe, the Lord High Executioner and Brave New World”, Legal Studies 1-2/2003.


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