RELIGIOUS EDUCATION IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND RELIGIOUS IDENTITY IN POST-COMMUNIST SERBIA

Sima Avramović

Sažetak


The author analyses types of religious education in European and Serbian state-run schools searching for an innovative approach to existing classifications. He suggests four criteria to differ and categorize types of religious education in public schools, claiming that the actual taxonomy is often insufficient, inconsistent or perplexed (having usually been based upon one or two elements). He proposes categorization which encompasses point of view and interests of tax payers, of the politics, of the pupils and of the religious teachers. More criteria could lead to a better assessment of particular system of religious education. He also suggests that, apart from usual categorization in confessional and non-confessional religious education, it would be useful to introduce categories like “mostly confessional” and “mostly non-confessional”, as clear-cut models are very rare. In addition to this he offers arguments why “cognitive” type of religious education would be more proper label instead of “non-confessional”.

Further on the author examines controversies, disputes and manner of reintroduction of religious instruction in Serbian legislation after the fall of the communist regime in 2000 and presents the current situation, including very recent changes considering curricula. He points to some very distinctive features of religious education model in Serbia which could be of interest in comparative perspective, particularly in the time when many states in Europe tend to improve their religious education system. Finally, he points to importance of religious education in building religious identity of young generations in post-communist countries, and differs two types of religious identity – perceptive (intuitive) and cognitive (rational). He concludes that “educating into religion” has to exist for some time in post-communist countries due to historical circumstances (within more or less confessional model). Additionally, he finds that it should be only gradually transformed into “educating about religion” and “education from religion” pattern, fostering cognitive religious identity to strengthen parallel with the perceptive one.


Pojmovne odrednice


Secularity, Toledo Guiding Principles, Models of Religious Education, Intuitive Religious Identity, Cognitive Religious Identity

Reference


Aleksandar Prascevic, A., “The Process of Religious Education in Public Schools of Republic of Serbia 2001–2011”, http://www.pravoslavie.ru/english/51724.htm.

Aleksov, B., “Religious Education in Serbia”, Religion, State & Society, 4/32, 2004.

Arweck, E., Elenaor Nesbitt, E., “Young people’s identity formation in mixed-faith families: continuity or discon-tinuity of religious traditions?”, Journal of Contemporary Religion, 25/2010.

Avramovic, S., “Church and State in Serbia”, in: Law and Religion in Post-Communist Europe (eds. Silvio Ferrari, W. Cole Durham), Leuven-Paris-Dudley, MA 2003.

Avramovic, S., “Pravo na versku nastavu u našem i uporednom pravu”, Anali Pravnog fakulteta u Beogadu (“Right to religious instruction in our and comparative law”, Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade), 1/2005.

Avramovic, S., “Right to Religious Instruction in Public Schools”, Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade 3/2006.

Avramovic, S., “Serbia”, in: Religion and the Secular State: National Reports (eds. W. C. Durham, J. Martinez-Torron), Madrid 2015.

Avramovic, S., “Ustavnost verske nastave u državnim školama – res iudicata”, Anali Pravnog fakulteta u Be-ogradu (“Constitutionality of religious instruction in public schools – res iudicata”, Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade), 2/2006.

Blagojevic, M., “Aktuelna religioznost gradjana Srbije” (Actual Religiosity of the Serbian Citizens”), in: Religi-oznost u Srbiji 2010 (Religiosity in Serbia in 2010), (ed. Andrijana Mladenovic), Belgrade 2010.

Coleman, S., Collins, P., Religion, Identity, and Change: Perspectives on Global Transformations (eds. Simon Coleman, Peter Collins) Aldershot 2004.

Draskic, M., “Pravo deteta na slobodu veroispovesti u skoli”, Anali Pravnog fakulteta u Beogradu (“Right of children to religious freedom in schools”, Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade), 1–4/2001.

Draskic, M., “O veronauci u državnim školama, drugi put”, Anali Pravnog Fakulteta u Beogradu (“On religious instruction in public schools, the second time”, Annals of the Faculty of Law in Belgrade), 1/2006.

Durkheim, E., The Elementary Forms of Religious Life, Oxford 2001.

Ferrari, A., “La religion dans l’éducation publique – le cas Italien”, in: Religion in Public Education – La religion dans l’éducation publique (ed. Gerhard Robbers), Trier 2011.

Ferrari, S., “L’enseignement des religions en Europe: un aperçu juridique”, in: Des maîtres et des dieux. Ecoles et religions en Europe (eds. J-P. Willaime, S. Mathieau), Paris – Berlin 2005.

Ferrari, S., “Religious education in the European Union”, in: The Routledge International Handbook of Religious Education (eds. Derek H. Davis, Elena Miroshnikova), London – New York 2013.

Folque, A., “Religion in Public Portuguese Education”, in: Religion in Public Education – La religion dans l’éducation publique (ed. Gerhard Robbers), Trier 2011.

Hammer, S., Franck, J., “Religion in Public Education – Report on Austria”, in: Religion in Public Education – La religion dans l’éducation publique (ed. Gerhard Robbers), Trier 2011.

Hasenclever, A., “Geteilte Werte – Gemeinsamer Frieden? Überlegungen zu zivilisierenden Kraft von Religionen und Glaubensgemeinschaften”, in: Friedenspolitik: Etische Grundlagen internationaler Beziehungen (eds. H. Küng, D. Senghaas), München 2003.

Hull, J., “The contribution of religious education to religious freedom”, in: Committed to Europe’s Future: Contri-butions from Education and Religious Education (eds. H. Spinder, J. Taylor, W. Westerman), Münster 2002.

Institute for Evaluation of Education Quality, Orthodox Catechesis as Mandatory Optional Subject in Primary and Secondary Schools – Evaluation of the Programs and Teacher’s Competence”, Belgrade 2013.

Ivanc, B., “Religion in Public Education – Slovenia”, in: Religion in Public Education – La religion dans l’éducation publique (ed. Gerhard Robbers), Trier 2011.

Jackson, R., “European Institutions and the Contribution of Studies of Religious Diversity”, in: Religion and Edu-cation in Europe (eds. Robert Jackson et allia), Münster – New York – München – Berlin 2007.

Jankovic, M. D., “Vracanje verske nastave u obrazovni sistem Srbije” [Return of Religious Instruction in Educa-tional System of Serbia], Novi Sad 2015.

Kacaric, N., Doprinos verske nastave moralnosti mladih (Contribution of Religious Education to the Morality of Youngsters), Novi Sad 2016.

Kaurin, D., Morgan, W. J., “Orthodoxy and Education in Post-Socialist Serbia, A Comment”, Journal of Religion and Society, 15/2013.

Kozyrev, F., Fedorov, V., “Religion and Education in Russia, Historical Roots, Cultural Context and Recent De-velopments”, in: Religion and Education in Europe (eds. Robert Jackson et allia), Münster – New York – München – Berlin 2007.

Kuburic, Z., “Serbian Orthodox Church in the Context of the State’s History”, Religija i tolerancija 12, 22/2014.

Kuburic, Z., “Verska nastava u Srbiji – deset godina posle vracanja u obrazovni sistem” (RE in Serbia – ten years after its return in educational system), in: Religioznost u Srbiji 2010 (Religiosity in Serbia in 2010), (ed. An-drijana Mladenovic), Belgrade 2010.

Kuburic, Z., Gavrilovic, D., “Verovanje i pripadanje u savremenoj Srbiji” (Believing and Belonging in Contempo-rary Serbia), Religija i tolerancija 10, 18/2012.

Kuburic, Z., Vukomanovic, M., “Religious education: the case of Serbia”, Sociologija, 3, 47/2005.

Lisovskaya, E., “Religious Education in Russia: Inter-Faith Harmony or Neo-Imperial Toleration?”, Cogitatio, So-cial Inclusion 4, 2/2016.

Llorent-Bedmar, V., Cobano-Delgado, V., “The Teaching of Religious Education in Public Schools in the Nordic Countries of Europe”, Review of European Studies 6, 4/2014.

Loloçi, K., “Albania”, in: Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, I-V (eds. Gerhard Robbers, W. Cole Durham), Lei-den-Boston 2016.

Magioros, N. Ch., “Religion in Public Education – Report on Greece”, in: Religion in Public Education – La reli-gion dans l’éducation publique (ed. Gerhard Robbers), Trier 2011.

McNamara Barry, C., Nelson, L., Davarya, S., Urry, Sh., “Religiosity and spirituality during the transition to adult-hood”, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 34/2010.

Messner, F., “Religion et éducation en France”, in: Religion in Public Education – La religion dans l’éducation publique (ed. Gerhard Robbers), Trier 2011.

Miedema, S., “Context, Debates and Perspectives of Religion in Education in Europe”, in: Religion and Education in Europe (eds. Robert Jackson et allia), Münster – New York – München – Berlin 2007.

Nikolic, M., Jovic-Lazic, A., “Religiozna tranzicija i/ili tranzicija religioznosti u Srbiji” (Religious Transition and/or Transition of Religiosity in Serbia”), [Religiosity in Serbia in 2010], (ed. Andrijana Mladenovic), Belgrade 2010.

Oppong, S. H., “Religion and Identity”, American international Journal of Contemporary Research, 3, 6/2013.

Powell, A. J., “The Ideal – One Possibility for the Future of Religious Identity”, Intermountain West Journal of Religious Studies, 6, 1/2015.

Romanova, E. G., “Religious education in modern Russia”, in: The Routledge International Handbook of Reli-gious Education (eds. Derek H. Davis, Elena Miroshnikova), London – New York 2013.

Schanda, B., “Religious education in Hungary”, in: The Routledge International Handbook of Religious Education (eds. Derek H. Davis, Elena Miroshnikova), London – New York 2013.

Schanda, B., Legislation on Church-State Relations in Hungary, Budapest 2002, 22–23. The Czech Republic has a similar system, Jiří Rajmund Tretera, Záboj Horák, “Religion in Public Education in the Czech Republic”, in: Religion in Public Education – La religion dans l’éducation publique (ed. Gerhard Robbers), Trier 2011.

Schreiner, P., “Religious education in the European context”, in: Crossings and Crosses: Borders, Educations, and Religions in Northern Europe (eds. Jenny Berglund, Thomas Lundén, Peter Strandbrink), Boston-Berlin 2015.

Schreiner, P., “Situation and Current Developments of Religious Education in Europe”, in: Religious Education in a Plural, Secularised Society. A Paradigm Shift (eds. Leni Franken, Patrick Loobuyck), Münster-New York-München-Berlin 2011.

Simic, P., “Srbija i Evropska unija: izmedju nacionalnog i evropskog identiteta”, Religioznost građana Srbije i njihov odnos prema procesu evropskih integracija, [“Serbia and EU: between national and European identi-ty”, in: Religiosity of Serbian Citizens and their Relation towards European Integrations], (ed. Jelena Jabla-nov Maksimovic), Beograd 2011.

Tăvală, E. P., “Religion and Public Education in Romania”, in: Religion in Public Education – La religion dans l’éducation publique, (ed. Gerhard Robbers), Trier 2011.

Valk, P., “Religious Education in Estonia”, Religion and Education in Europe (eds. Robert Jackson et allia), Mün-ster – New York – München – Berlin 2007.

Weisse, W., “The European Research Project on Rerligion and Education REDCo. An Introduction”, in: Religion and Education in Europe (eds. R. Jackson et allia), Münster – New York – München – Berlin 2007.

Willaime, J. P., “Teaching Religious Issues in French Public Schools. From Abstentionist Laïcité to a Return of Re-ligion to Public Education”, in: Religion and Education in Europe (eds. Robert Jackson et allia), Münster – New York – München – Berlin 2007.

Willaime, J. P., “Different Models for Religion and Education in Europe”, in: Religion and Education in Europe (eds. Robert Jackson et allia), Münster – New York – München – Berlin 2007.


Povratni linkovi

  • Trenutno nema povratnih linkova